Name: 
 

CS-110 review 2 Chapters 5-8



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Similar to a mechanical mouse that has a ball on the bottom, a particular kind of stationary pointing device has a ball on its top or side. What kind of pointing device is this?
a.
trackball
b.
touchpad
c.
optical mouse
d.
stylus
 

 2. 

Which of the following is a flat electronic device divided into panels that users press with their feet in response to instructions from a music video game?
a.
dance pad
b.
door mat
c.
music screen
d.
foot form
 

 3. 

What term refers to the process of entering input by speaking into a microphone?
a.
voice matter
b.
voice input
c.
voice output
d.
voice outreach
 

 4. 

Which of the following devices read text printed with magnetized ink?
a.
ACR
b.
SCR
c.
OCR
d.
MICR
 

 5. 

Which of the following kinds of identifier is a physiological or behavioral characteristic such as fingerprints, hand geometry, facial features, voice, signatures, and eye patterns?
a.
personal
b.
biometric
c.
indexed
d.
basal
 

 6. 

Which of the following systems compares a person’s live speech with their stored voice pattern?
a.
voice verification
b.
live authentication
c.
speech recognition
d.
audio indexing
 
 
COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT
 

 7. 

Which of the following are tasks a pointing device can accomplish?
a.
select text, enter text, click menu commands
b.
move a pointer on the screen, click buttons, select graphics
c.
click icons, control a pointer on the screen, change keyboard keys
d.
change a pointer shape, communicate with multiple computers, click links
 

 8. 

Your grandmother has asked you how to double-click the mouse on her new desktop computer. What would you tell her?
a.
quickly press the left mouse button and then the right mouse button without moving the mouse
b.
quickly press and then release the primary mouse button without moving the mouse
c.
quickly press and release the left mouse button twice without moving the mouse
d.
quickly press and release either the right mouse button or the left mouse button while slowly moving the mouse from left to right
 

 9. 

Which of the following is an important security risk that can affect your smart phone?
a.
loss of power
b.
faulty memory card
c.
viruses
d.
phantom signal interruptions
 

 10. 

What is the difference between a higher resolution camera and a lower resolution camera?
a.
The higher resolution camera creates a better picture quality, and it is less expensive than a lower resolution camera.
b.
The higher resolution camera creates a picture of poorer quality, and it is less expensive than a lower resolution camera.
c.
The higher resolution camera creates a picture of higher quality, and it is more expensive than a lower resolution camera.
d.
The higher resolution camera creates a poorer picture quality, and it is more expensive than a lower resolution camera.
 

 11. 

What is the difference between optical resolution and enhanced resolution?
a.
There is no difference.
b.
Optical resolution is the resolution obtained when the special optics on certain cameras are used to record the image, and enhanced resolution is the result of software correcting and enhancing an image.
c.
Optical resolution is the resolution of an image seen with the naked eye, and enhanced resolution is the resolution of an image seen with optics that enhance the image.
d.
Optical resolution is the actual photographed resolution of a camera, and enhanced resolution is the resolution after additional pixels have been added to those generated by optical resolution.
 

 12. 

Your instructor has asked you to perform some research regarding a computer’s capability of distinguishing spoken words. What is the best search term to use for your research?
a.
voice recognition
b.
digital voice input
c.
speech differentiation
d.
speech identification
 

 13. 

Which type of optical scanner works in a manner similar to a copy machine?
a.
pen scanner
b.
sheet-fed scanner
c.
flatbed scanner
d.
drum scanner
 

 14. 

What technology do privacy adovocates fear could obliterate a person’s anonymity?
a.
CCRD
b.
RFID
c.
BRER
d.
EMRC
 

 15. 

Your bank asked you to write your signature on an electronic device using a specialized pen and tablet to ensure your identity. When you returned to class, what system could you tell your instructor you used?
a.
writing analysis system
b.
signature verification system
c.
high-security signature recognition system
d.
signature authentication system
 

 16. 

Who is credited with leading the GameCube and Wii technological development?
a.
Henry Kollomer
b.
Satoru Iwata
c.
Ching Ng
d.
Elliott L. Sittua
 

 17. 

A passive-matrix display requires less power, and is less expensive than what type of alternative display type?
a.
a standard-matrix display
b.
an organic-matrix display
c.
a dynamic-matrix display
d.
an active-matrix display
 

 18. 

The quality of an LCD monitor or LCD screen depends on several factors. Which of the following is not true about the factors that affect LCD display quality?
a.
Resolution is the number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display device.
b.
The response time is the time in milliseconds it takes to turn a pixel on or off.
c.
Dot pitch is the distance in millimeters between pixels on a display device.
d.
A lower resolution makes screen items appear smaller.
 

 19. 

What is the measure of a display’s width relative to its height?
a.
the aspect ratio
b.
the contrast ratio
c.
the size ratio
d.
the pixel ratio
 

 20. 

Wireless printing technology makes the task of printing from a notebook computer, smart phone, or digital camera much easier. Using what type of printing does a printer communicates with a computer using radio waves?
a.
Bluetooth
b.
infrared
c.
satellite
d.
cable
 

 21. 

Which of the following statements is not true about replacing toner cartridges?
a.
Toner cartridge prices range from $40 to more than $200.
b.
Toner cartridges are biodegradable.
c.
You can often recycle toner cartridges through a school or organization.
d.
Printer manufacturers may take toner cartridges back.
 

 22. 

You can print digital postage using postage printers. What is the digital postage called?
a.
mobile postage
b.
e-postage
c.
virtual postage
d.
Internet postage
 

 23. 

What are sophisticated printers that are used in specialized fields such as engineering and drafting called?
a.
planners
b.
plotters
c.
porters
d.
producers
 

 24. 

Your roommate is a graphic artist. She buys a large-format printer that creates photo-realistic-quality color prints. What printer technology does her printer use?
a.
plotter printer
b.
impact printer
c.
ink-jet printer
d.
dye-sublimation
 

 25. 

What company is the world’s second largest cell phone manufacturer?
a.
Samsung
b.
HP
c.
Android
d.
Blackberry
 

 26. 

What is storage media?
a.
The software used to display items in storage.
b.
The hardware that records and retrieves items from storage.
c.
The physical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions, and information.
d.
The data and information stored on a computer.
 

 27. 

Which of the following statements is not true about hard drives?
a.
A hard drive contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that use magnetic particles to store data.
b.
The alignment of metal particles represents either a 0 bit or a 1 bit.
c.
The system unit on most desktop and notebook computers contains at least one hard disk.
d.
A hard disk that is mounted inside the system unit is sometimes called a permadisk.
 

 28. 

Experts estimate that hard disks using perpendicular recording provide storage capacities about 10 times greater than disks that use what kind of recording?
a.
longitudinal
b.
latitudinal
c.
longevity
d.
literal
 

 29. 

What causes a head crash on a hard disk?
a.
A platter skips a revolution.
b.
The motor that spins the platters causes a short circuit in the read/write head.
c.
A read/write head touches the surface of a platter.
d.
The head actuator positions the read/write head arms over the incorrect location.
 

 30. 

What does a disk controller control?
a.
the electronic circuits that control the platters
b.
the interface between the hard disk and the system bus
c.
the ports for removable storage devices
d.
the interface between the hard disk and the operating system
 

 31. 

How do manufacturers state the speeds of CD-RWs?
a.
read speed, transfer speed, rewrite speed
b.
rewrite speed, access speed, read speed
c.
write speed, rewrite speed, read speed
d.
read speed, rewrite speed, transfer speed
 

 32. 

A popular use of CD-RW and CD-R discs is to create audio CDs. What is the process of copying audio and/or video data from a purchased disc and saving it on digital media called?
a.
rooting
b.
ripping
c.
revolving
d.
revving
 

 33. 

Which of the following is not true about tape storage?
a.
Tape is a magnetically coated ribbon of plastic capable of storing large amounts of data and information at a low cost.
b.
Business users utilize tape most often for long-term storage and backup.
c.
A tape cartridge is small, rectangular, plastic housing for tape.
d.
A benefit of tape is that allows for nonsequential access.
 

 34. 

What is the guaranteed life expectancy of microfilm?
a.
5 to 10 years
b.
20 to 30 years
c.
100 years
d.
500 years
 

 35. 

What is the first step in the startup process of a computer?
a.
The processor chip resets itself and finds the ROM chips that contain the BIOS.
b.
The power supply sends an electrical signal to the components in the system unit.
c.
LEDs flicker on devices such as the disk drives and keyboard.
d.
Instructions stored in the kernel are accessed and processed sequentially.
 

 36. 

What is the term for firmware that contains the computer’s startup instructions?
a.
BIOS
b.
LED
c.
RAM
d.
ROM
 

 37. 

What is virtual memory?
a.
data stored in the cloud
b.
where instructions are stored while waiting for a device to become idle
c.
a portion of the hard disk designated to function as additional RAM
d.
data that is not stored when the computer is turned off
 

 38. 

Which company did Steve Wozniak cofound?
a.
Apple
b.
Microsoft
c.
Linux
d.
RIM
 

 39. 

Users are turning to a new kind of television for crisper, higher-quality output than they can achieve with analog television. What is this called?
a.
DTV
b.
XTV
c.
CTV
d.
HTV
 

 40. 

With which kind of printing does a printer communicate with a device using light waves?
a.
RF
b.
mobile
c.
Bluetooth
d.
infrared
 

 41. 

Which kind of printer forms characters and graphics on a piece of paper without actually striking the paper?
a.
nonimpact
b.
dot matrix
c.
shuttle-matrix
d.
line
 

 42. 

Which of the following devices is the computer hardware that records and/or retrieves items to and from storage media?
a.
concatenation
b.
indexed
c.
resolved
d.
storage
 

 43. 

Memory (chips) accesses items in which of the following units of time?
a.
nanoseconds
b.
microseconds
c.
milliseconds
d.
seconds
 

 44. 

Which of the following is the mechanism that reads and writes items in the drive as it barely touches the disk’s recording surface?
a.
read/write head
b.
disc index
c.
input vector
d.
platter notch
 

 45. 

Which of the following is an advantage of portable hard disks and removable hard disks?
a.
They can transport a large number of files.
b.
They can add storage space to a notebook computer or Tablet PC.
c.
They can easily store large audio and video files.
d.
all of the above
 

 46. 

Which of the following currently have storage capacities of 16 GB to 256 GB and more?
a.
optical pens
b.
SSDs
c.
access drives
d.
UMXs
 

 47. 

A standard CD-ROM is referred to as this kind of disc because manufacturers write all items on the disc at one time. What is the term used?
a.
multisession
b.
single-session
c.
unisession
d.
compound-session
 

 48. 

Which of the following is a multisession optical disc on which users can write, but not erase, their own items such as text, graphics, and audio?
a.
CD-R
b.
CD-W
c.
CD-RW
d.
CD-RWR
 

 49. 

Which of the following is a high-capacity rewritable DVD format?
a.
DD DVD-R
b.
BD-RE
c.
CD DVD-R
d.
UMD DVD-R
 

 50. 

Two types of system software are which of the following?
a.
application software and utility programs
b.
Web browsers and application software
c.
operating systems and utility programs
d.
operating systems and Web browsers
 

 51. 

Which of the following is the core of an operating system that maintains the computer’s clock, starts applications, and assigns the computer’s resources, such as devices, programs, data, and information?
a.
cell
b.
grid
c.
nexus
d.
kernel
 

 52. 

Which of the following is firmware that contains a computer’s startup instructions?
a.
POST
b.
BIOS
c.
CMOS
d.
DIOS
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
 

 53. 

In an interface like the one shown in the accompanying figure, a user types commands or presses special keys on the keyboard (such as function keys or key combinations) to enter data and instructions. What is the term for this kind of interface?
a.
command-line interface
b.
menu-driven interface
c.
performance-monitor interface
d.
graphical user interface (GUI)
 

 54. 

Smart phones and other small computing devices often use which of the following kinds of operating system?
a.
single user/single tasking
b.
single user/multitasking
c.
multiuser
d.
multiprocessing
 
 
nar003-1.jpg
 

 55. 

Which of the following terms refer to an operation that the processor manages, one example of which is sending data to the printer in the accompanying figure?
a.
buffer
b.
spool
c.
task
d.
event
 

 56. 

Which of the following is Microsoft’s fastest, most efficient operating system to date, offering quicker application start up, built-in diagnostics, automatic recovery, improved security, and enhanced searching and organizing capabilities?
a.
Windows Vista
b.
Windows XP
c.
Windows 2010
d.
Windows 7
 

 57. 

Which of the following is a multitasking operating system developed in the early 1970s by scientists at Bell Laboratories?
a.
Linux
b.
Perl
c.
NetWare
d.
UNIX
 

 58. 

Which of the following is a program that removes or blocks certain items from being displayed?
a.
Spyware
b.
A pop-up ad
c.
Spam
d.
A filter
 

 59. 

Which of the following is true of compressed files?
a.
They are sometimes called ripped files, and they usually have a .rip extension.
b.
They are sometimes called tipped files, and they usually have a .tip extension.
c.
They are sometimes called slipped files, and they usually have a .slip extension.
d.
They are sometimes called zipped files, and they usually have a .zip extension.
 

 60. 

Which of the following kinds of file utilities shrink the size of a file(s)?
a.
unit
b.
file compression
c.
matrix
d.
conversion
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

A command is a series of related instructions that tells a computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them.
 

 2. 

An input device is any hardware component that allows users to enter data or instructions (programs, commands, and user responses) into a computer.
 

 3. 

For a right-handed user, the left button usually is the secondary mouse button.
 

 4. 

A joystick usually includes buttons called triggers that are pressed to activate certain events.
 

 5. 

OCR software is useful if a user needs to modify a document, but does not have the original word processing file.
 

 6. 

Ergonomics is the technology of authenticating a person's identity by verifying a personal characteristic.
 

 7. 

A DVD kiosk is associated with a particular vendor.
 

 8. 

As with an LCD monitor, the greater the video card’s bit depth, the worse the resulting image.
 

 9. 

Ink-jet printers produce text and graphics in both black-and-white and color on a variety of paper types.
 

 10. 

When printing a document, laser printers process and store the entire page before they actually print it.
 

 11. 

Impact printers are noisy because a mechanism strikes against an inked ribbon that physically contacts the paper.
 

 12. 

Wireless music systems include a USB transmitter that plugs into a computer, a receiver that connects to a television or stereo system, and a remote control.
 

 13. 

Visually impaired users cannot change Windows settings, such as increasing the size or changing the color of text to make words easier to read.
 

 14. 

Reading is the process of transferring data, instructions, and information from memory to a storage medium.
 

 15. 

A hard disk platter’s spinning motion creates a cushion of air above the read/write head, which ensures that the read/write head makes contact with the platter surface instead of floating above the platter.
 

 16. 

Depending on the device, manufacturers claim memory cards can last from 10 to 100 years.
 

 17. 

The type of memory card you have will determine the type of card reader/writer needed.
 

 18. 

Some users choose cloud storage instead of storing data locally on a hard disk or other media.
 

 19. 

A popular use of CD-RW and CD-R discs is to create audio CDs.
 

 20. 

Current CD-RW drives have write speeds of 128X or more.
 

 21. 

A DVD-RW is a high-capacity optical disc on which users can read but not write or erase.
 

 22. 

Rewritable drives usually can read a variety of DVD and CD media.
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
 

 23. 

Command-line interfaces like the one in the accompanying figure give a user less control to manage detailed settings.
 

 24. 

When you purchase a computer, it usually includes a boot disk.
 

 25. 

When a computer is running multiple programs, the applications running but not currently in use are in the foreground.
 

 26. 

The advantage of device-dependent operating systems is that users can retain existing application software and data even if they change computer models or vendors.
 

 27. 

Stand-alone utilities typically offer improvements over those features built into an operating system or provide features not included in an operating system.
 

 28. 

Instead of backing up to a local disk storage device, some users opt to back up their files using online storage.
 

 29. 

Ghosting is a severe problem with today’s displays.
 

 30. 

A compressed file takes up more storage space than the original file.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 1. 

Some phones use ____________________ text input, where you press one key on the keypad for each letter in a word, and software on the phone predicts the word you want.
 

 

 2. 

With ____________________, you touch a stylus or digital pen on a flat surface to write, draw, or make selections.
 

 

 3. 

A(n) ____________________ is a light-sensing input device that reads printed text and graphics and then translates the results into a form the computer can process.
 

 

 4. 

____________________ software is useful if you need to modify a document but do not have the original word processing file.
 

 

 5. 

Commonly used ____________________ devices include display devices, printers, speakers, headphones, and earbuds.
 

 

 6. 

A printout in ____________________ orientation presents its information printed across the shorter width of the paper.
 

 

 7. 

A(n) ____________________ printer generates images by pushing electrically heated pins against heat-sensitive paper.
 

 

 8. 

The hard disk that is mounted inside the system unit sometimes is called a(n) ____________________ disk because it is not portable.
 

 

 9. 

____________________ is a hard disk interface that can support up to four hard disks at 137 GB per disk.
 

 

 10. 

Some ____________________ systems include an e-mail program and Web browser.
 

 

 11. 

Errors in a program are known as ____________________.
 

 

 12. 

The person overseeing network operations, called the network ____________________, uses the server operating system to add and remove users, computers, and other devices to and from a network.
 

 

 13. 

____________________ is an open source multitasking operating system designed for smart phones.
 

 

 14. 

____________________ a disk, or reorganizing it so the files are stored in contiguous sectors, speeds up disk access and thus the performance of the entire computer.
 

 

 15. 

A disk ____________________ is a utility that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk so the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster.
 

 



 
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